GENERAL INFO ABOUT EACH OF THE CITIES WE ARE VISITING
Peru is a snapshot of all that is great about South America: ancient ruins, lakes, mountains, deserts, and a world-class cuisine. Uncover the charm and spiritual side of Peru on this truly unforgettable, culture-packed experience. Start off in the capital Lima, staying in elegant Belmond Miraflores, where you’ll be immersed in Peru’s artistic blend of old meets new. Next, jump on the Andean Explorer train across the Altiplano to Lake Titicaca - the world’s highest navigable lake, where you’ll spend time with lakeside villagers. Then, we’ll whisk you north to cultural Cusco to explore the ancient wonder of Machu Picchu as you learn about the legendary Inca Empire. Finally fly back over to Lima and onwards to the Nazca Lines in southern Peru - a group of pre-Columbian geoglyphs etched into desert sands.
Lima is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. With a population of almost 10 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the second-largest city in the Americas. Founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as Ciudad de los Reyes, it became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru.
The city was founded on August 15, 1540, by Garcí Manuel de Carbajal as “Villa Hermosa de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción”. During the Colonial period, Arequipa became highly important for its economic prosperity and for its loyalty to the Spanish Crown.
Arequipa has also 300 days of sunshine a year on average. Throughout the year, temperatures do not exceed 25 °C (77 °F) and rarely drop below 5 °C (41 °F).
Puno is a city in southeastern Peru, located on the shore of Lake Titicaca.
Puno features a subtropical highland climate, experiencing more extreme weather conditions than would be expected for its tropical latitude. The average annual temperature is about 8.4 °C (46.4 °F) and the weather never gets overly warm. At this high altitude, the rays of the sun are very strong, so please wear sun cream!
Lake Titicaca, straddling the border between Peru and Bolivia in the Andes Mountains, is one of South America's largest lakes and the world’s highest navigable body of water – and said to be the birthplace of the Incas. According to Incan mythology, it was from Lake Titicaca that the creator god Viracoca rose up to create the sun, moon, stars, and first human beings. Recently, a large temple was discovered submerged in the lake, adding to its mystery and fascination.
In addition to Lake Titicaca itself, several of the 41 islands in the lake are regarded as sacred. Especially important is the Isla del Sol (Island of the Sun), located on the Bolivia side near Copacabana.
Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cusco Province. The site was the historic capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th until the 16th century Spanish conquest. In 1983 Cusco was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Cusco has a subtropical highland climate. It is generally dry and temperate, with two defined seasons. Temperatures are normally 15 to 30 °C (59 to 86 °F).
Machu Picchu was ranked in 2007 as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Once there, we’ve arranged for you to join up with local historians and guides, who will lead us through its iconic citadel as well as its well-preserved temples and dwellings.
Nazca is a city and system of valleys on the southern coast of Peru. The name is derived from the Nazca culture that flourished in the area between 100 BC and 800 AD. This culture was responsible for the Nazca Lines and the ceremonial city of Cahuachi; they also constructed an impressive system of underground aqueducts, named Puquios, that still function today.
Nazca is one of the most arid regions in the world with an average annual precipitation of 4 millimeters. Nazca's temperatures range from 10 to 32 °C (50 to 90 °F) with an average daily high of 21 °C (70 °F).